ID # 25275397

John Deere N540F Separate Fertilizer Placement (SFP) Air Drill

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  • Adjust down pressure with TruSet™ In-Cab downforce
  • See the flow of seed & fertilizer from the cab with RelativeFlow™ blockage monitoring
  • Quick Change Blade enhancement of the ProSeries™ Opener reduces change time by 45%1
  • Accurate seed placement & emergence with TruSet™ in-cab "closed loop" downforce pressure control
Sale Type
John Deere
Engine Size
Seed spacing - 254 mm 10 in. Separate fertilizer - 508 mm 20 in.
Overall Length
8.81 m 28.92 ft
12.19 m 40 ft
Number Of Ranks
Two seed ranks and one separate fertilizer rank
Transport Width
5.59 m 18.33 ft
Transport Height
4.45 m 14.58 ft

Integration advantages of Deere tractor, cart, tool and technologyJohn Deere N540F Separate Fertilizer Placement (SFP) Air Drill

To win big in small grains, it takes a seeding solution that superseeds your expectations. John Deere delivers with a complete line of everything you need – and the sizes you want – to seed for success. Air-hoe drills. Commodity air carts. No-till air drills. Openers. Fertilizer attachments. Central commodity systems. Box drills. Plus precision ag technology to stretch your productivity to higher levels. But it’s far more than iron and technology. It’s the exceptional agronomic know-how and unsurpassed dealer support in all phases of production to keep you running. With our latest additions to equipment and openers, our seeding solutions deliver the next-generation performance you need to help you reach the full potential of each seed. That’s our commitment to you.

No-till opener seeding with minimal maintenance from the ProSeries™ OpenerJohn Deere N540F Separate Fertilizer Placement (SFP) Air Drill

The ProSeries Opener is John Deere’s most advanced opener for your seed and separate fertilizer placement. When it comes to seeding precision, consistent seed depth, and uniform emergence in virtually all field conditions, you can superSEED your expectations with ProSeries.

Two of the three daily grease points were removed. The only remaining grease point is a yearly interval. The narrow seed boot travels behind the shadow of the blade, causing less soil disturbance. When attaching the boot to the shank, the bolt has been replaced with a flag pin. Now the flag pin is the wear point, not the casting, reducing overall maintenance. The seed press wheel is also redesigned; it has a narrow profile, a double-wall bearing, and is made of a flexible material. The quick-change blade feature reduces the time it takes to change each blade, saving time and money. Lastly, the seed tab is UV resistant and profiled similar to the trench. There is also the added option of the serrated closing wheel.

ProSeries Openers are in base equipment on all N500 and N500F Separate Fertilizer Placement (SFP), N500C, 1990 Central Commodity System (CCS™), and 1590 Air Drills.

The ProSeries Openers:

  • Work not only in no-till conditions, but also in minimum or reduced-till conditions
  • Provide 51 mm (2 in.) of free travel in the opener before spring down pressure takes over
    • Benefit: allows the opener to move over uneven ground conditions and minimize the chance of the gauge wheels bulldozing soil in soft or mellow conditions
    • The opener spring travels a maximum of 203-mm (8-in.) up or 150-mm (6-in.) down before the hydraulics react to uneven seedbeds

Confidence in rates from row to row with RelativeFlow™ Blockage sensing

With RelativeFlow Blockage sensing, operators can see the flow of both seed and fertilizer from inside the tractor cab. Sensors on all secondary hoses monitor the relative product flow row to row, giving you a better view of the flow rate of both seed and fertilizer from the cart to the opener from inside your tractor cab. This technology can help you identify any problems before a potential blockage occurs.

RelativeFlow Blockage is available in all run configurations on the following models (all widths):  

  • H500
  • H500F
  • P500
  • P600
  • N500
  • N500F
  • N500C
  • 730LL

RelativeFlow Blockage is compatible with hydraulic drive carts: model year 2014 and newer 1910, all 19,381.5-L (550-bu) 1910 Carts, and C650 and C850 Air Carts.

Down pressure adjustment for seed or fertilizerJohn Deere N540F Separate Fertilizer Placement (SFP) Air Drill

Setting the opener down pressure is convenient and easy to adjust.

For 9.1-, 11.0-, 12.2-, and 13.1-m (30-, 36-, 40-, and 43-ft) widths the down pressure on the front fertilizer rockshaft is adjusted independently of the middle and rear seed opener rockshafts. Simply dial in the required pressure using the knobs.

The seed opener pressure gauge face is color coded to provide a guide for normal pressure operating ranges.

  1. The valve has two internal checks to reduce possibility of damage to valve when charging the system.

    The down pressure cylinder is connected to live hydraulics and extends or retracts to maintain uniform down pressure on openers.

    This system is compatible with either closed center or pressure flow compensated tractor hydraulic systems.

    IMPORTANT: Tractors with open-center hydraulics require an open-center kit with change valve (order code 6505 to make the air drill compatible). The open-center application does not provide an opener flexibility feature.

Accurate delivery rates across the whole width of the tool with Air Power™ 2John Deere N540F Separate Fertilizer Placement (SFP) Air Drill

If you need high rates in your operation, AirPower 2 delivers. With the dual fan system, you get twice the fans than the original AirPower. Plus, each fan is larger than before. So when you need that additional power to generate a higher level of input flow, AirPower 2 has the capability to deliver what you need. And the fan housing is cast aluminum, making it lighter in weight, but more durable than ever before. You can trust your fan system will stand the test of time.


John Deere AirPower 2 system uses two separate, high-capacity fans – one for top shoot, one for bottom shoot. Using both fans can deliver a total of 550 pounds (249.5 kg) at 5.5 mph at 15 degree slope of material per acre, precisely metering product into the primary air stream. The results: Greater consistency across the entire drill, more uniform seed emergence, more even flowering and canopy development, and greater yields.

Enhanced air seeding performance would not be possible without the updates to the 15,152.8-L (430-bu) and 19,381.5-L (550-bu) 1910 and C-Series Air Carts. For the wider seeding width, more fan capacity has been added.

Air Power 2 provides two independently controlled fans – one for seed and one for fertilizer. Along with large, 76.2-mm (3-in.) primaries, more accurate delivery rates are possible across the full width of the seeding tool, from opener to opener. Plus, Air Power 2 allows growers to deliver high rates under field operating conditions – up to 40 percent more product delivery per primary compared to the single-fan system.

Dual fans are required for tow-between and tow-behind carts on the 23.2-m (76-ft) P576 and 18.3-m (60-ft) N560F models along with the eight primaries. Each fan will direct air to one set of primaries. Two selective control valves (SCVs) are required for the fans. The fan speed will be controlled through the SCV flow control.

Air Power 2 will also be compatible with the 17.1-m (56-ft) P556 and 23.2-m (76-ft) P576 Air Hoe Drills, as well as the 13.1-m (43-ft) N543F and 18.3-m (60-ft) N560F Disk Drills, plus the 15.2-m (50-ft) and 18.3-m (60-ft) 1890 models. An option is available for stainless-steel primaries to resist corrosion from high fertilizer rates.

There is a slide at the meter to choose bottom or top shoot for each meter. There is also a valve on the tank pressure system to choose top or bottom shoot. This same valve is used to adjust the amount of air to the tank to create the proper pressure differential.

The arrow on the valve handle should be pointing to the top of the range for the top shoot and the bottom of the range for the bottom shoot. If the tank will not be in use, set the pressure valve to the middle setting to not pressurize the tank. The operator should use the gauge to find the correct setting. An electronic pressure sensor will send a warning to the display if the tank pressure differential is out of range.

If pressure is in the green operating range, the tanks are sealed and operating correctly. The electronic pressure sensor is located behind the mechanical gauge on the side of the cart.

Improve seed placement accuracy from the cab with TruSet™ downforce controlJohn Deere N540F Separate Fertilizer Placement (SFP) Air Drill John Deere N540F Separate Fertilizer Placement (SFP) Air Drill

TruSet downforce allows operators to set downforce pressures from inside the cab. Downforce can easily be changed by the push of a button as soil conditions vary. Proper downforce is directly related to a consistent seeding depth, which leads to improved even emergence, plant density, and maturity. The range of downforce adjustability begins at 74.8 kg (165 lb) and tops out at 181.4 kg (400 lb).

Exclusive TruSet downforce control has taken adjustability on no-till John Deere seeding tools to a whole new level. Rather than using a valve on the tool, pressure control dials on the monitor let operators make incremental adjustments conveniently from the Gen 4 display inside the tractor cab. This also saves time and makes it easier to adapt to changing field conditions.

Seeding tool compatibility:

  • N500
  • N500F

NOTE : It is recommended that 15.2-m and 18.3-m (50-ft and 60-ft) machines use power beyond to run TruSet.

Display compatibility:

  • Gen 4 displays
  • GreenStar™ 3 2630 Display

Competitive tractors do not require add-on components for TruSet to function properly.

Fertilizer options with separate fertilizer placement (SFP)John Deere N540F Separate Fertilizer Placement (SFP) Air Drill


The 5-degree fertilizer opener:

  • Is required for liquid and anhydrous (NH3) fertilizers
  • Will also apply dry fertilizer  
  • Opens a smaller trench than the 7-degree opener
  • Is better able to capture anhydrous and liquid fertilizer and seal fertilizers in the soil


There are four choices of interchangeable fertilizer tubes:

  • Dry fertilizer tube to be used with 32-mm (1-1/4-in.) secondary fertilizer hose from the 1910 Cart
  • Liquid fertilizer tube (for 13-mm [1/2-in.] i.d. hose)
    • IMPORTANT: Using this tube for anhydrous may cause loss of retention.
  • Dual fertilizer delivery tube – allows for placement of dry or anhydrous. If applying both simultaneously, the operator may need to provide a relief system to relieve air from dry tube for adequate anhydrous retention. Without air relief, the operator will need to adjust air plenum to restrict all airflow to SFP dry tubes when anhydrous is being applied
  • Anhydrous tube (for 10-mm [3/8-in.] i.d. hose)
    • Liquid or NH3 fertilizer metering/delivery system is not provided by the John Deere Seeding Group.

Key features of the SFP opener are:

  • 457.2-mm (18-in.) opener blades operate at 5 degrees, resulting in a narrow trench with less soil disturbance
  • Fertilizer tubes are interchangeable among dry, liquid, or anhydrous (NH3)
  • Closing wheel assembly is closer to the fertilizer delivery tube; provides increased fertilizer retention
  • Serrated closing wheels are base equipment on anhydrous openers and optional on liquid and dry openers
    • NOTE: Closing wheels are recommended when dry soil conditions are common.
  • Extended-wear (chrome alloy) fertilizer boots are standard equipment
  • Choice of five different gauge wheels
  • Depth adjustments in 6-mm (1/4-in.) increments from 13 mm to 89 mm (1/2 in. to 3.5 in.) deep


The 25-mm x 305-mm (1-in. x 12-in.) cast closing wheel follows the press wheel to close the furrow, placing soil over seed or fertilizer after the press wheel secures the seed in the furrow.

  • A double-row ball bearing to reduce wear is located in the arm of the closing wheel
  • Mounted parallel to the furrow opener, the closing wheel can be adjusted laterally to allow running on top of the furrow for sandy or mellow soils or to side of the furrow for heavier soils
  • Down pressure is adjustable from 11.8 kg to 19.5 kg (26 lb to 43 lb) (no tools and three adjustments)
  • A grease fitting in the pivot arm provides free movement for the arm


SFP scrapers can bolt a sealing wing to the bottom of the improved anhydrous (NH3) retention by reducing outgassing. It is made of steel and has carbide titles brazed to the edges for long life.

  • Parts: AA102150 and AA102151

The SFP opener closing arm spring will better hold the notched retention position. When selecting options for anhydrous fertilizer delivery, the SFP opener has a carbide sealing wing. The sealing wing agitates the trench sidewall and helps seal the top of the furrow with soil. This helps facilitate the binding of anhydrous ammonia to the soil, which reduces outgassing, keeps more fertilizer in the ground, and provides a boost to young plants.